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Tanzania

Tanzania is one of the poorest, but also scenic and cultural Africa multifaceted countries. Tanzania is about two times as the state California surrounded by the three biggest african lakes and the Indian Ocean and borders on eight other East African countries.

In the north-east and southwest there are several mountain ranges volcanic origin. With its 5,895 meters the Kilimanjaro mountain is the highest mountain in Africa and overtops in the north-east of the country the wide Massaisteppe.

Climate and Fauna
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There is also great diversity in climatic conditions as well as to the flora and fauna. The range includes everything from snow on the Kilimanjaro up to tropical heat at the coast. The regional climate is depending on the height of the mean sea level, as well as the distance from the sea. Along the coast the climate is hot with high humidity. On the other hand, it is hot and dry in the domestic levels – it usually only rains during two rainy seasons in the year.

Tanzania is famous for its great diversity of animals – especially in the many national parks and Game-Reserves. Nearly all known African wild animals can be observed there.

In the north of the country to the Massaisteppe there are several famous wildlife reserves such as the Serengeti-protectorate-area and the Ngorongoro-Conservation; or on the other side of the border the Maasai-Mara in Kenya.

The Land and its People
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The population of Tanzania increases strongly, but poverty and diseases such as malaria, AIDS causing a high mortality rate.
Approximately 37 million inhabitants are living in Tanzania today. But only a third of the area is habitable, so that here in the north and at the coasts there are the highest population densities.

Besides more and more People are moving to the cities, which is causing a rapidly growth. Biggest city is the port of Dar es Salaam with approximately 3.5 to four million inhabitants. The most important city in the northern part of the country is the fast-growing Arusha.

Widespread poverty and the rapid spread of AIDS causes a high mortality rate. But we have to assume that there are already more than 20 per cent of the inhabitants infected with the HI-Virus.

Language is Kiswahili, but in the over 200 different tribes there are also different Bantu languages spoken. English commensurate spreads slowly. Religions: the coastal areas are affected by the Islam, which is now also spread quickly into the interior. Approximately 40 Percent of the people there are Christians. In addition, there are also many supporter of traditional religions.

Not enough schools in Tanzania
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In Tanzania there is a seven year compulsory schooling - but there are not enough places available for all the children!
Especially in afield areas (such as Malambo) school children either have to cover immense distances to visit their schools, or there is no possibility for schooling. Something similar is true for the cities where, as a result of the rural exodus many children grow up without education!

The tanzanian schoolsystem
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After the kindergarten, the pupils in Tanzania are visiting the Primary School. It includes all seven years of compulsory education (standard 1 - 7).  Anyone who has completed it, holds the minimum achievable graduation.

Who wants to educate oneself, visits the Secondary School (Form I – IV) for further four years and then has a conclusion which allows to make various training, similar to the High School graduation. Those who go to university, are visiting the Form V and VI of the Secondary School. There the pupils are focusing on three academics. The conclusion is comparable with the German Abitur or an american bachelor degree.

Politics and Economy im Tanzania
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Tanganyika became independent in 1961- but until today it is one of the poorest African countries.

In association with Zanzibar it became the Republic of Tanzania in 1963. Since 1995, the country is ruled by the party CCM (Chama cha Mapinduzi) - since December 2005, Jakaya Kikwete is President. The opposition party is named CUF (Civic United Front).

The most important and biggest challenge of the policy is the fight against corruption, ensuring the basic needs of the citizens, in particular with water as well as the ongoing claims of the opposition groups for departing Zanzibar.

Tanzania is one of the poorest of the world's countries. Most people are working in agriculture or fisheries. He three-quarters of the working inhabitants are still dependent on agricultural activity. Most important crops are mainly maize, rice, millet,
cassava and bananas. For example, the half of the agricultural area also is used as pastures for goats, sheep and cattle.

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